Management And Internal Organisation

Examples of Good Practices

  • Law on Associations and Foundations (Published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska, No. 52 of October 17, 2001)

    Article 15

    An association shall have an assembly.
    Unless otherwise regulated by the statute, all members of an association are the members of the assembly with equal voting rights.
    The statute of an association may envisage other organs of an association.
    If the statute does not envisage the management board or other managerial body, the assembly shall appoint one or more persons to represent an association in legal transactions.

    Article 16

    The assembly shall:
      - Enact the statute, its amendments, and other acts as determined by the statute;
      - Ratify legal acts committed on behalf of an association in the process of establishment, prior to registration;
      - Decide on merging, separation, transformation and dissolving of the association, as well as on other changes in the status of the association;
      - Appoint and dismiss members of the management board, or a person authorized to represent an association; 
      - Check and approve the financial report and the report on activities prepared by the management board or by the representative of an association;
      - Decides on all other issues that are not within the competence of other organs of an association.


  • Law of the Republic of Armenia on Public Organizations (adopted on December 4, 2001)

    Article 14. The Structure, Management and the Supreme Body of the Organization

    1. The structure of the organization is stipulated by its charter and (or) by the decisions of its bodies corresponding to its charter. The organization is managed through its bodies, which operate according to the law and to the organization's charter. The bodies of the organization and their structure are formed according to the procedures stipulated by the law and the organization's charter. The supreme body of the organization is its assembly (assembly, convention, summit, etc.), which has the authority to make the final decision on any matter concerning the activities of the organization.

    2. The regular meeting of the organization shall be convened not less than once in two years, in the manner prescribed by the charter of the organization, in the form of joint meeting of its members, or via the telecommunication means, by drawing the appropriate protocol or by exchanging documents, which clearly show that the document comes from the person who is mentioned in the document as the author. The charter of the organization may envisage the participation of all the organization's members or of their delegates, elected with the proportion determined according to the procedures envisaged by the charter, in the general assembly. The participants shall be notified about the agenda, place, date and time of the beginning of work of the assembly by a registered letter, or by other ways envisaged by the charter of the organization, in terms stipulated by the charter, but no later than 14 days before the meeting.

    3. In case of a valid demand from one third of the organization members or the supervising body (supervisor) of the organization, an extraordinary general meeting shall be convened in the period of 14 days and the participants shall be notified about the agenda, place, date and time of the meeting, in the manner prescribed for convening regular meetings and in the time frames envisaged by the charter, but no later than 3 days before the beginning of the meeting. If the charter envisages the participation of delegates of the organization members in the meeting, and if it is not possible to elect new delegates within the time frames stated in this clause, the delegates who were elected to participate in the previous meeting of the organization shall take part in the extraordinary meeting.

    4. The meeting of the organization shall be considered valid if convened in the manner prescribed by the charter, and if the number of participants exceeds the total number of all the members or the delegates stipulated by the charter, which may not be less than half of the total number.

    5. The minutes of the general meeting of the organization shall be kept for the time stipulated by the charter of the organization, which may not be less than three year.

    6. The supreme body of organization enjoys the exclusive authority:
       1) To approve the organization's charter (if it was not approved by the founders assembly), the introduction of changes and (or) amendments to it, or approval of a new charter.
       2) To approve the reports on the activities of the organization and on utilization of property.
       3) To elect those bodies, which are subordinate and accountable exclusively to the supreme body (if he organization has bodies other than the supreme body), including the election of the body which shall carry out supervision of the activities of the organization; to introduce changes to the staff or premature termination of the authority of those bodies, meanwhile the duration of their authorities may not exceed the time period envisaged by the charter for the convention of regular meeting of the organization.
       4) To make decision on restructuring the organization; to approve the act on devolving property or the balance sheet on division of property, except restructuring by the decision of the court.
       5) To make decision on dissolving the organization, except cases when decision on dissolution is made by court.
       6) To solve other issues, if the charter of the organization envisages the solution of those issues exclusively by the supreme body. The supreme body of the organization cannot delegate its right on adopting of a decision on exclusive issues to the other bodies of the organization.

    7. The general meeting of the organization shall make decisions in the manner prescribed by the charter of the organization. Decision on the issue of the exclusive authority of the supreme body shall be accepted, if more than half of the members of the organization or of all the delegates have voted for this decision, and if the law or the organization's charter does not envisage a larger number of votes for the adoption of this decision.

    8. If during the activities of the organization or during the general meeting some situation arises that is not regulated by the charter of the organization, the issues shall be solved by the decision of the supreme body.

  • Law no. 8788, dated May 7, 2001 on Non-profit Organizations [Albania]

    Article 5 - The Principle of Protection and Respect for Human Rights

    Non-profit organizations base their activity on the principle of respecting, protecting and implementing the fundamental human rights and freedoms provided in the Constitution, laws and international agreements ratified by law.

    Article 6 - The Principle of Independence from the State

    Non-profit organizations exercise their activity in a manner independent from state organs and interests.

    Article 7 - Relationships of Non-profit Organizations with State Organs

    The state supports and encourages the activity of non-profit organizations. The realization by the state of conditions and facilities for non-profit organizations to achieve the purpose and object of their activity is done by law.
    State organs do not interfere in the activity of non-profit organizations.
    A prohibition or limitation of the activity of non-profit organizations is done only in the cases and the manner specified by law.


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