Entities to which International Guarantees Apply

Halfon v United Kingdom (decision), 12 April 1991 [ECtHR]


Case no 16501/90

The applicant has complained of being compelled to be a member of the student union of his university. He has invoked Article 11 (Art. 11) of the Convention. (...) The Commission recalls that Article 11 (Art. 11) of the Convention offers protection in respect of private associations and trade unions, but not in respect of public institutions. It considers that the student union cannot be regarded as a professional organisation upholding ethics or discipline within a profession or as a trade union which represents its members in a labour conflict situation against an employer (see e.g.  No. 6094/73, Dec. 6.7.1977, D.R. 9, p. 5). It is part of the university. The university being a public institution, the Commission finds that compulsory membership in the student union of the university does not disclose any appearance of a violation of Article 11 (Art. 11) of the Convention.
It follows that the application is manifestly ill-founded within the meaning of Article 27 para. 2 (Art. 27-2) of the Convention.

Submit Information



Enter Keyword

Select one or several topic(s)



Rights to establish informal entities Right to establish entities with legal personality No right to a particular legal form Commercial bodies Public bodies Hunting associations Professional and trade regulatory bodies Student unions Types of entities covered by the guarantees Types of entities not covered by the guarantees Institutional bodies Tenants' unions Works Councils Chambers of Commerce